LANSING, Mich. — The Michigan Senate on Thursday approved Sen. Judy Emmons’ legislation that would help stop students from skipping school and outline ways to address truancy.
“We know that success in school and in life begins with consistent attendance in class, which is why we must help reduce truancy throughout our state,” said Emmons, R-Sheridan. “A stark illustration of the value of getting an education is that nearly half of the people sent to Michigan prisons in 2012 did not graduate from high school.
“Unfortunately, a major problem we have in addressing truancy is a lack of standard definitions for truancy and absenteeism — and, therefore, no reliable data on the prevalence of the problem or what school actions are working to reduce it.”
Senate Bill 105, sponsored by Emmons, would require a school board’s annual report regarding expulsions to include data about suspensions, truancy, chronic absence and disciplinary absence.
SB 103 would define chronic absenteeism and truancy in state law. “Truancy” would be defined as missing 10 unexcused days in a school year, and “chronic absenteeism” would be defined as being absent for at least 10 percent of the scheduled school days in a school year, including excused and unexcused absences and absences due to disciplinary reasons.
The bill would also prohibit a child from being suspended or expelled solely for truancy or chronic absence from school.
“Simply sending students home because they skipped school is an example of a punishment that does not solve the problem and can even make it worse,” Emmons said. “Students who miss school are more likely to struggle academically and drop out of school altogether, and the long-term impacts on both the dropout and society are tremendous. These measures would outline proactive steps for dealing with truant students while understanding that many students miss class for reasons beyond apathy, like dealing with problems at home or being bullied at school.”
SB 104 would require a school district to notify a child’s parent to attend a meeting regarding the child’s attendance irregularity while also allowing a superintendent to consider the reason for the child’s absence and lesser interventions before requiring a meeting with a parent. SB 106 would extend the family court’s exclusive jurisdiction to a juvenile who was found to be truant.
SBs 103-106 now head to the House of Representatives for consideration.